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vinyl chloride hazards
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vinyl chloride hazards

Chemical hazards in drinking-water: Vinyl chloride. Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. Polyvinyl Chloride 39002-86-2 99+% 15 mg/m as Nuisance Dust 15 mg/m3 as Nuisance Dust Bis(2 -ethylhexyl) Phthalate* 117-81-7 < 1% 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 Vinyl Chloride Monomer** 75-01-4 < 8.5 ppm 1 ppm 5 ppm * Bis( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is an NTP anticipated human carcinogen and IARC possible human carcinogen. Vinyl chloride has been used in the past as a refrigerant. Explosion and Fire at Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA, Illiopolis, Illinois DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND ii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. VCM is often stored as a liquid under pressure. Store in a well-ventilated place. Direct contact with open flames or a high energy heat source will result in combustion. Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. To determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes. Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 _____ Hazard Summary . Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1731576 . The purpose of the national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) is to minimize vinyl chloride emissions from process and fugitive emission sources in ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride production categories to the level attainable with best available control technology. Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List . Cat. There is limited evidence that Vinyl Chloride is a teratogen in animals. The presence of oxygen stimulates the degradation of vinyl chloride and is the basis upon which ORC has been shown to effectively treat this contaminant. concentrations” (PNEC), expressed as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment. About 13 … Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. Many scientists believe there is no safe level of exposure to a carcinogen. The vapour forms an explosive mixture with air. Gas LG; H280 Carc. contact with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue. Vinyl chloride: incident management Ref: PHE publications gateway number 2014790 PDF , 77.3KB , 11 pages This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. Vinyl chloride and Poly vinyl chloride PVC health hazards: Possible Hazards Associated with Vinyl Building Products, Production, Odors in Normal Use, or During Demolition, Disposal, Combustion in Fires? It has been shown to cause liver, brain, lung, and other types of cancer. This page contains information on the chemical Vinyl chloride including: 115 synonyms/identifiers; U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 Section 172 shipping regulations and 3 proper shipping names; USDOT 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information for 2 related materials. Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature. Vinyl chloride (VC) is a common groundwater contaminant usually associated with higher order chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) such as perchloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), and dichloroethylene (DCE). Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride in air has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and headaches in humans. Danger that the substance can be violently or explosively reactive. Vinyl Chloride Monomer Chloroethylene 200-831-0 75-01-4 > 99.9% F+; R12 Carc. Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. The required development the software of chemical process gives significant impact in chemical process simulation. PVC was discovered accidentally in the early 19 th century when the polymer appeared as a white solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride. The liquid evaporates readily at ambient temperatures. Vinyl Chloride is practically insoluble in water. Category 1. Molecular Weight 62.50 . Section 16 - Additional Information … Cancer Hazard Vinyl Chloride is a CARCINOGEN in humans. Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. At high concentrations, it has a sweet odor typical of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer. Aerobic … Eye damage/eye irritation. VINYL CHLORIDE In Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology Section Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 . Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 3 of 4 General Information Exposure to vapours can cause weakness, effects on balance, headache, fatigue, numbness, tingling sensation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and sight and hearing disturbances, coughing, wheezing and breathlessness, headache and drowsiness. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical attention. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 2 of 11 Incident Management Hazard Identification Standard (UK) dangerous goods emergency action codes UN 1086 Vinyl chloride, stabilized EAC 2YE Use fine water spray can be used. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. Specific target organ toxicity - Single and repeated exposure . IA; H350 03 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION MOST IMPORTANT HAZARDS SAFETY INFORMATION : PLEASE READ THIS SHEET CAREFULLY HEALTH EFFECTS Toxic; May cause cancer; Carcinogenicity, 1A, H350 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL HAZARDS Extremely flammable, 1, H220 … Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than -13.4�C). may cause cancer. MDL number MFCD00040415. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. 2.2 Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Process 7 2.2.1 Oxychlorination Process 9 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12 ... hazard, safety and pollution. PubChem Substance ID 24864136 Hazards identification Response :Get medical attention if you feel unwell. Category 2. Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (§1910.1200). Vinyl chloride is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ). causes skin irritation. First, men occupationally exposed to vinyl chloride have experienced a specific hazard of angiosarcoma of the liver. 1; R45 Flam. It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. HEALTH HAZARDS 6.1 Vinyl chloride is a gas, or a liquid when under pressure, at room temperature, so the primary route of exposure is by inhalation (see Appendix 1 for physical and chemical properties of vinyl chloride). Vinyl is manufactured by polymerizing (linking together) a chemical called vinyl chloride. Vinyl Chloride can be an explosion hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent Vinyl Chloride in air. SECTION 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION . Linear Formula H 2 C=CHCl . At concentrations of about 3.6 percent VCM in air, VCM can be an explosion hazard. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. Second, any other occupational hazards that may have existed have been small. Storage :Store locked up. for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. Reproductive Hazard Vinyl Chloride may damage the developing fetus. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. Vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC). EC Number 200-831-0. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene. Wear normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus*. may produce symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death. Vinyl Chloride: Toxic Hazards and Precautions (Environmental Hygiene Guidance Note) | Health and Safety Executive (HSE) | ISBN: 9780118857307 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. causes eye irritation. Known human Carcinogen . Vinyl Chloride is highly reactive and can react with oxidizing agents and many other organic compounds. Spillages and … Global Harmonization System (GHS) Classification: Category 2 . This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations. Vinyl Chloride Section 2. Regulations strictly limit levels of vinyl chloride in the workplace and in emissions from manufacturing plants. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Protect from sunlight. Vinyl chloride ≥99.5% Synonym: Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. may cause respiratory irritation. Skin corrosion/irritation . History. DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 … causes damage to liver, … major health hazards: contains vinyl chloride, a known human cancer agent. Category 1 . Vinyl chloride liquid and vapour are highly flammable. On both occasions, the polymer appeared as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. The harmful health effects of vinyl chloride have been known for decades, though industry has suppressed and misrepresented the health effects from PVC exposures for years. Polyvinyl chloride was accidentally discovered on at least two different occasions in the 19th century, first in 1835 by Henri Victor Regnault and in 1872 by Eugen Baumann. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a widely used building material praised for its durability, yet criticized for its potential health hazards. Gas 1; H220 Press. About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually. From production through disposal, vinyl chloride threatens health and contaminates the environment. (iii) Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (1910.1200). 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